Jantar Mantar Jaipur Information
Jantar Mantar Of Jaipur is a world-famous observatory situated in Jaipur, Rajasthan. This is one of the UNESCO’s heritage sites present in the country India. These old structures are actually astronomical instruments built by the Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh II. This is another highly crowded tourist attraction near the city palace of Pink city Jaipur.
On 1st August 2010, UNESCO announced to include “Jantar-Mantar” of Jaipur in “World Heritage List”. The main reasons behind this honor are that the exact calculation of weather, local time, planetary constellations, and other astronomical phenomena can still be done through these instruments. Jantar-Mantar, who had got listed in the world heritage, was the Rajasthan’s first and India’s 23rd cultural heritage.
The local Panchang of Jaipur is still based on the calculation of these 289 years old instruments. These instruments were built using Wood, lime, stone, and metal. Among all instruments ‘Samrat Yantra’, ‘Jaiprakash Yantra’, and ‘Ram Yantra’ are most famous. ‘Samrat-Yantra’ is the highest instrument (about 90 feet from the earth) among all of them.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur History
The construction of this world-famous observatory was started by Rajput King Sawai Jai Singh (II) of Aamer, in the year 1728 and which was completed in 1734. King Sawai Jai Singh (II) of Aamer was the founder of Jaipur pink city. Sawai Jai Singh was also an astronomical scientist. Before the creation of this observatory, Sawai Jai Singh had translated the astronomical ancient books to study astronomy.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II had built five observatories across the country on the basis of Hindu astronomy. These observatories were built in Jaipur, Delhi, Ujjain, Banaras, and Mathura. This is one of them and this is the largest among them. During the construction of these observatories, he took the help of eminent astronomers of that time.
Firstly Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh (II) constructed the “Samrat Yantra” in Ujjain, after which the Delhi-based Observatory and its ten years later, this observatory was built in Jaipur.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur Timings 2024
Timings: It remains open on all weekdays between 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM. Try to avoid visiting in the afternoon during the summers. Visitors need approx. 2 hours to view all the astronomical instruments available inside the observatory.
Best Time To Visit: October to February is the best season to visit this historical place.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur Ticket Price / Entry Fees 2024
The government of Rajasthan charges a different entrance fee for Indian citizens and Foreigners. If you want to hire a guide, then you need to pay extra charges for it. The parking facility is not available here, you can use city palace parking. There is a concession in entry fees for students, but they have to keep their ID cards with them. A student ID card is mandatory. Following are the details of Jantar Mantar Jaipur ticket prices:
- Indians: Rs.50 per person
- Indian Students: Rs.15 per student
- Foreign Tourists: Rs.200 per person
- Foreign Students: Rs.100 per student
- Camera Charges: Rs.50 per camera
- Parking Charges: The parking facility is not available.
- Guide Charges: Rs.200 for four people
Jantar Mantar Jaipur Instruments List
- Samrat Yantra: The largest instrument in Jantar Mantar is the ‘Samrat-Yantra’. Due to its grandiosity and magnificence, it was called ‘Samrat-Yantra’. The magnificence of the device is realized by the fact that its height from the surface is 90 feet. There is also an umbrella on top of the Samrat Yantra. This instrument was established for the study of planet Nakshatras, Jyotishastra and time knowledge.
- Jai Prakash Yantra: These instruments were built in two parts “C” and “D”. Jai Prakash Yantra was invented by Maharaja Jai Singh himself. These are unique bowl-shaped instruments. In the Jantar Mantar campus, these instruments are located between the ‘Samrat Yantra’ and the ‘Disha Yantra’. These instruments are used to know the sun’s presence in any Rashi.
- Ram Yantra: Rama Yantra is the two instruments located near the western wall of Jantar Mantar. This instrument was used to know Important celestial calculations.
- Unnatasha Yantra: On the right side of the entrance of the Jantar Mantar, a large ball of metal hanging between the two pillars is known as the “Unnatasha Yantra”. This instrument used for measurement of the altitude of celestial bodies.
- Disha Yantra: This is a simple device made in the center of the Jantar Mantar campus. This is the directional instrument used to know the direction.
- Chakra Yantra: These instruments made of two huge chunks of iron. It is located in the north of the Rashiwalay Yantra.
- Rashiwalay Yantra: Their number is 12 which indicates 12 zodiac signs. These instruments are similar in view, but the mechanism of these instruments is different, indicating the position of the zodiac signs in the sky.
- Rama Yantra: Rama Yantra is the two instruments located near the western wall of Jantar Mantar. Two small forms of these instruments are also located near these instruments in Jantar Mantar.
- Dingash Yantra: This instrument used to know the azimuth of the objects. The Dingash Yantra is located near the exit door. This instrument was built in the small circular form in the circular ramparts.
- Nadi Valaya Yantra: This instrument is located on the right side of the entrance. It is divided into two circular panes. The precise estimation of the local time and the position of the sun can be estimated from this instrument.
- Shastansh Yantra: This instrument is a part of the Samrat Yantra. This instrument was also used to know the position and degree of planets-constellations. This ring-shaped instrument is located in the east and west directions of the Samrat Yantra.
- Dakshinodak Bhitti Yantra: A wall spreading from north to south direction located at the east of the Untaansh Yantra is the Dakshinodak Bhitti Yantra.
- Untaansh Yantra: On the right side of the entrance of the Jantar Mantar, a large ball of metal hanging between the two pillars is known by the name of the Untaansh Yantra.
How To Reach Jantar Mantar Jaipur?
By Road: If you are staying in Jaipur then you can hire private auto or taxi to reach there. Otherwise, public transport is also available.
By Train: The nearest railway station is Jaipur junction which is located at the 6 km distance from Jantar Mantar. Tourist which are coming by train can take an auto, taxi, bus, or metro to reach this heritage place.
By Air: Nearest Aiport is Jaipur airport. You will get a private taxi or public transport city bus service to reach here.
Metro services are also available in Jaipur. The nearest metro station is the Chandpole metro station.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur Light And Sound Show Timings
Tourist can also enjoy the beautiful light and sound show at this historical place. This show timing is 6:00 pm – 7:00 pm. Tourist needs to purchase a separate ticket for this show from the ticket counter.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur Nearby Places
Hawa Mahal: This is the iconic heritage structure of pink city Jaipur. It is located around 500 meters from Jantar Mantar.
City Palace: This was the residence of Rajput King. Nowadays it is one of the most visited tourist attraction located in the pink city. Jantar-Mantar is located opposite to city palace.
Amer Fort: Another 17th-century heritage site located around 8.3 km’s from this unique observatory.