Jantar Mantar Jaipur is one of the UNESCO’s heritage sites present in the country India. These old structures are actually astronomical instruments built between 1724-1734 by Rajput king Sawai Jai Singh II. This is another highly crowded tourist attraction near city palace of Pink city Jaipur.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur History
The construction of this world-famous observatory was started by King Sawai Jai Singh (II) of Aamer, in the year 1728 and which was completed in 1734. King Sawai Jai Singh (II) of Aamer was the founder of Jaipur pink city. Sawai Jai Singh was also an astronomical scientist. Before the creation of this observatory, Sawai Jai Singh had translated the astronomical ancient books to study astronomy.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II had built five observatories across the country on the basis of Hindu astronomy. These observatories were built in Jaipur, Delhi, Ujjain, Banaras, and Mathura. Jantar Mantar of Jaipur is one of them and this is the largest among them. During the construction of these observatories, he took the help of eminent astronomers of that time.
Firstly Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh (II) constructed the “Samrat Yantra” in Ujjain, after which the Delhi-based Observatory and its ten years later, this observatory was built in Jaipur.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur Information
On 1st August 2010, UNESCO announced to include “Jantar-Mantar” of Jaipur in “World Heritage List”. The main reasons behind this honor are that the exact calculation of weather, local time, planetary constellations and other astronomical phenomena can still be done through these instruments. Jantar-Mantar, who had got listed in the world heritage, was the Rajasthan’s first and India’s 23rd cultural heritage.
The local Panchang of Jaipur is still based on the calculation of these 289 year’s old instruments. These instruments were built using Wood, lime, stone, and metal. Among all instruments ‘Samrat Yantra’, ‘Jaiprakash Yantra’ and ‘Ram Yantra’ are most famous. ‘Samrat-Yantra’ is the highest instrument (about 90 feet from earth) among all of them.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur Instruments List
1. Samrat Yantra: The largest instrument in Jantar Mantar is the ‘Samrat-Yantra’. Due to its grandiosity and magnificence, it was called ‘Samrat-Yantra’. The magnificence of the device is realized by the fact that its height from the surface is 90 feet. There is also an umbrella on top of the Samrat Yantra. This instrument was established for the study of planet Nakshatras, Jyotishastra and time knowledge.
2. Jai Prakash Yantra: These instruments were built in two parts “C” and “D”. Jai Prakash Yantra was invented by Maharaja Jai Singh himself. These are unique bowl-shaped instruments. In Jantar Mantar campus, these instruments are located between the ‘Samrat Yantra’ and the ‘Disha Yantra’. These instruments are used to know the sun’s presence in any Rashi.
3. Ram Yantra: Rama Yantra is the two instruments located near the western wall of Jantar Mantar. This instrument was used to know Important celestial calculations.
4. Unnatasha Yantra: On the right side of the entrance of the Jantar Mantar, a large ball of metal hanging between the two pillars is known as the “Unnatasha Yantra”. This instrument used for measurement of the altitude of celestial bodies.
5. Disha Yantra: This is a simple device made in the center of Jantar Mantar campus. This is the directional instrument used to know the direction.
6. Chakra Yantra: These instruments made of two huge chunks of iron. It is located in the north of the Rashiwalay Yantra.
7. Rashiwalay Yantra: Their number is 12 which indicates 12 zodiac signs. These instruments are similar in view, but the mechanism of these instruments is different, indicating the position of the zodiac signs in the sky.
8. Rama Yantra: Rama Yantra is the two instruments located near the western wall of Jantar Mantar. Two small forms of these instruments are also located near these instruments in Jantar Mantar.
9. Dingash Yantra: This instrument used to know the azimuth of the objects. The Dingash Yantra is located near the exit door. This instrument was built in the small circular form in the circular ramparts.
10. Nadi Valaya Yantra: This instrument is located on the right side of the entrance. It is divided into two circular panes. The precise estimation of the local time and the position of the sun can be estimated from this instrument.
11. Shastansh Yantra: This instrument is a part of the Samrat Yantra. This instrument was also used to know the position and degree of planets-constellations. This ring-shaped instrument is located in the east and west directions of the Samrat Yantra.
12. Dakshinodak Bhitti Yantra: A wall spreading from north to south direction located at the east of the Untaansh Yantra is the Dakshinodak Bhitti Yantra.
13. Untaansh Yantra: On the right side of the entrance of the Jantar Mantar, a large ball of metal hanging between the two pillars is known by the name of the Untaansh Yantra.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur Timings
Best Time To Visit: October-March.
Timings: 9 am – 5 pm
It remains open on all weekdays.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur Entry Fees
For Indians: Rs.50/-
For Indian Students: Rs.15/-
For Foreign Tourists: Rs.200/-
For Foreign Students: Rs.100/-
Camera Charges: Rs.50/-
How To Reach Jantar Mantar Jaipur
By Road: If you are staying in Jaipur then you can hire private auto or taxi to reach there. Otherwise, public transport is also available.
By Train: Nearest railway station is Jaipur junction which is located at the 6 km’s distance from Jantar Mantar. Tourist which are coming by train can take an auto, taxi, bus or metro to reach this heritage place.
By Air: Nearest Aiport is Jaipur airport. You will get a private taxi or public transport city bus service to reach here.
Metro services are also available in Jaipur. Nearest metro station is Chandpole metro station.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur Light And Sound Show Timings
Tourist can also enjoy the beautiful light and sound show at this historical place. This show timing is 6pm-7pm. Tourist needs to purchase a separate ticket for this show from the ticket counter.
Jantar Mantar Jaipur Nearby Places
Hawa Mahal: This is the iconic heritage structure of pink city Jaipur. It is located around 500 meters from Jantar Mantar.
City Palace: This was the residence of Rajput King. Nowadays it is one of the most visited tourist attraction located in the pink city. Jantar-Mantar is located opposite to city palace.
Amer Fort: Another 17th-century heritage site located around 8.3 km’s from this unique observatory.